There’s no denying how accessible information is in today’s digital world. However, while data sharing and access may have benefits, it also risks organizations and individuals, in the form of privacy and confidentiality breaches and violations of private, legitimate interests. This is where information security management legislation comes into play.
As its name implies, it refers to a framework of various privacy requirements and data protection guidelines specified by state and federal laws, industry standards, and regulations. In this post, we’ll cover some of the rules and regulations you need to know to remain compliant and protect sensitive information.
The CUI or Controlled Unclassified Info refers to a program that involves a consistent set of security controls and requirements directed at safeguarding sensitive government data. This information is primarily based on the FISMA or Federal Information and Securities Management Act for moderate conditions.
The CUI requirements generally apply to the U-M researchers whenever they have access to the information on the DFARS or FAR contract terms of any other agreement.
The ISC/IEC 27001, usually shortened to ISO 27001, is essentially the international and leading standard for information security that combines processes and policies for organizations across all industries. The reason why it’s important is that it gives companies the know-how to protect their information. Moreover, certification will show partners and customers that they can safeguard their data.
The objective of this framework is to safeguard the following facets of information:
- Confidentiality. Ensure that only authorized and relevant personnel can access the data.
- Integrity. Give those authorized the ability to make any changes to the information.
- Availability. Provide authorized persons access to the content whenever they need it.
DMCA And HEOA
The DMCA or Digital Millennium Copyright Act and HEOA or Higher Education Opportunities Act generally requires the U-M to manage digital copyright programs for compliance. It mainly consists of the following components:
- Annual education/disclosure and awareness
- Strategies for combating the distribution of any unauthorized copyright material
- Provisions for alternative sources of authorized copyright materials
- Strategic review plan
Some examples of the activities and data that may be subject to regulations in copyright compliance are third-party content that’s shared through social media platforms or P2P file-sharing software and creating duplicates of copyright material available, or the acquisition of unauthorized copyrighted works.
The HIPPA or Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act regulates the PHI. The HIPAA includes security and privacy rules governing how PHI is secured, disclosed, and collected. They were developed to ensure not only the availability of data but its integrity. It also limits the access of the information to those authorized to view and make changes to the data.
Everyone understands the importance of information security management, especially in the digital era. Therefore, you must always be aware of all the regulations, standards, and laws regarding data protection and organization. Doing so will ensure that they remain protected. It’ll also help you avoid any nasty fines and legal claims.